What Is the Oldest Hebrew Bible?

What is the oldest Hebrew Bible? That is a complicated question. The Dead Sea Scrolls are fragments of the oldest Hebrew Bible text, while the Aleppo Codex and the Leningrad Codex are the oldest complete versions, written by the Masoretes in the 10th and 11th centuries, respectively. The Ashkar-Gilson Manuscript falls in between the early…

The Gabriel Stone Goes on Display in Jerusalem

Also called Gabriel’s Revelation. The Huffington Post reports in typical sensational fashion: An ancient stone with mysterious Hebrew writing and featuring the archangel Gabriel is going on display in Jerusalem as scholars debate the inscription’s meaning. The so-called Gabriel Stone, said to have been found 13 years ago in Jordan, features an unknown prophetic text from the time…

I Am Nothing Without Them

The French freestyle relay team stunned the world by winning the gold medal in the 4×100 meter contest by defeating the Americans. But there was another surprise. Fabien Gilot raised his arm in victory to reveal a moving tribute in Hebrew: אני כלום בלעדיהם, meaning “I am nothing without them.” Gilot explained that it was…

On Reading the Whole Bible

A note to Biblical academics: I am always astonished to discover that there are some biblical academics who will admit that they have never actually read all of the Bible. Yet, it is often these very same academicians who harp on the absolute necessity of knowing the original languages. Don’t get me wrong. I am…