Church Fresco Depicts Tito, Marx and Engels in Hell

The Church is in Montenegro:

Fresco from church in Podgorica, Montenegro

A church in Montenegro has sparked controversy by displaying a fresco depicting Yugoslav communist leader Josip Broz Tito in the fires of hell with Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

The newly built Church of Resurrection in the capital Podgorica has already drawn criticism for its lavish design.

Critics now say the church should not be interfering in politics.

Works by philosophers Marx and Engels were required reading when Montenegro was part of communist Yugoslavia.

One church leader, named only as Dragan, told the Agence France-Presse news agency that Marx, Engels and Tito “personify communist evil in the Balkans” and the artist should be “allowed the freedom to see things as he wishes”…

The Church of Resurrection in Podgorica

I don’t see any mention of the Churchmen who are being swallowed by the Behemoth.



This Is True, and Not Just in the USA

Wherein Fr Z reflects:

The Roman historian Livy wrote about the terminal decline of the Roman Republic that “Nec vitia nostra nec remedia pati possumus… We can bear neither our vices nor the remedies.”

Alas, I fear that our vices have called forth precisely the leaders that reflect those vices.  The vices feed the leaders, and they the vices.

We may no longer have the collective will to make the changes that must be made to change course.

The last couple days have prompted me to reflect on the Church’s primary job: to keep as many people out of hell as possible.

People will chose to sin, die in sin, no matter what we do to help them to a different course.  We must strive to help save ourselves and as many others as possible.

St Augustine one day, in his basilica in Hippo, one day was preaching a tough message.  He broke off his line of thought and explained that if he didn’t preach his tough message he could not be saved. If they listen or didn’t listen he was going to preach anyway and thus save his soul.  “But” he concluded, “Nolo salvus esse sine vobis!  … I don’t want to be saved without you!”

Now that we in the USA are, I think, are on a course toward the iceberg, we need to think soberly about how we will approach the time and resources we have left.

During this time when Benedict XVI has called us to revive the Faith where it has died or still just slumbers, get to work.

Will our shepherds be able to bear applying the remedies?

Augustine also said that the doctor doesn’t stop cutting just because the patient is screaming for him to stop.

Think frequent confession.

Think fallen away Catholics.

Think Four Last Things.



Colorado Shooting Happened Because ‘America has Lost its Fear of Hell’

And the non-Christian victims are going to a ‘terrible place’. So says one Evangelical leader over there.

Gosh, the first thing I thought while reading the above news story was this:

There were some present at that very time who told him about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices. And he answered them, “Do you think that these Galileans were worse sinners than all the other Galileans, because they suffered in this way? No, I tell you; but unless you repent, you will all likewise perish. Or those eighteen on whom the tower in Siloam fell and killed them: do you think that they were worse offenders than all the others who lived in Jerusalem? No, I tell you; but unless you repent, you will all likewise perish.”

– St Luke 13:1-5

In tragedy, there is a great need to be both pastoral and sensitive.  Bad things happen to Christians and non-Christian. It’s not just grievous sinners who suffer violent death. Nor do these things happen simply because Americans have lost their fear of hell. Of course, there is always the urgent need of repentance. For all manner of men.

UPDATE:  The Westboro lot are at it again:

Members of the Westboro Baptist Church appear to be on their way to protest a prayer vigil for victims of the Aurora massacre, according to tweets from members posted by

Using the hashtag #ThankGodForTheShooter, reports members tweeted out their plans to “super picket” the candle lit prayer service, saying “God is at work in Colorado.”

I simply can’t bear to go on. If you can, click here.



Is Heaven Hotter than Hell?

According to the Bible, as calculated in the August 1972 issue of Applied Optics:

The temperature of Heaven can be rather accurately computed from  available data. Our authority is the Bible: Isaiah 30:26 reads, Moreover  the light of the Moon shall be as the light of the Sun and the light of  the Sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days. Thus  Heaven receives from the Moon as much radiation as the Earth does from  the Sun and in addition seven times seven (forty-nine) times as much as  the Earth does from the Sun, or fifty times in all. The light we receive  from the Moon is a ten-thousandth of the light we receive from the Sun,  so we can ignore that.

With these data we can compute the temperature  of Heaven: The radiation falling on Heaven will heat it to the point  where the heat lost by radiation is just equal to the heat received by  radiation. In other words, Heaven loses fifty times as much heat as the  Earth by radiation. Using the Stefan-Boltzmann fourth-power law for  radiation grate beyond power law

where E is the absolute temperature of the Earth: 300K. This gives H as 798K absolute (525°C).

The exact temperature of Hell cannot be computed but it must be less  than 444.6°C, the temperature at which brimstone or sulfur changes from a  liquid to a gas. Revelations 21:8: But the fearful and unbelieving … shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone.  A lake of molten brimstone means that its temperature must be below the  boiling point, which is 444.6°C. (Above that point it would be a vapor,  not a lake.)

It’s not clear to me whether Isaiah chapter 30 is describing Heaven or “Zion at Jerusalem” – fulltext of the chapter here.



Bible Archaeology

The Myth of the Burning Garbage Dump of Gehenna

I have long wanted to do a little work to debunk the endlessly repeated myth that the Hinnom Valley (Gehenna) was a perpetually burning trash dump.  There simply is no evidence to support the idea, but because it seems a reasonable explanation for the origin of the Hinnom Valley as “hell,” writers and preachers accept and propagate the story…

The explanation for the “fire of Gehenna” lies not in a burning trash dump, but in the burning of sacrificed children…

Read the whole post over at Bible Places.


Is Hell Crowded or Empty?

Writes Fr Robert Barron:

An Internet controversy is percolating around a soon-to-be-published book by well-known evangelical preacher Rob Bell. In “Love Wins: A Book About Heaven, Hell and the Fate of Every Person Who Ever Lived,” Bell advocates the “universalist” position on salvation, which holds that everyone in the end is saved and that hell, accordingly, is empty. Many of his evangelical coreligionists are arguing that this doctrine runs counter to classical biblical Christianity and is designed to appeal to a postmodern audience for whom the only unforgivable sin is to be “exclusive.” This dustup over hell made the main page of the CNN website the other day and has prompted tens of thousands of responses. Obviously hell is still (forgive the pun) a burning question among both believers and nonbelievers.

There is nothing new about this controversy. It has raged on and off for almost the whole of Christian history…

Read on here.

Plus this video: